4. You are intolerant to certain foods, or you have other health conditions
If you are lactose intolerant or are on a strict gluten-free diet due to Celiac disease, your body is unable to digest the foods that also help to rebuild your bones. In addition to a lack of adequate nutrition, two other autoimmune problems with the digestive tract such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis require treatment involving steroids, which in turn cause bone loss.
Women who have missed their periods for two to three months or more in a row (Amenorrhea) due to excessive exercise; have a low BMI or an extremely thin waist/frame, or suffer from anorexia are more likely to develop osteoporosis owing to their lower levels of estrogen.
Among the men, factors such as obesity, fatigue or difficulty concentrating, diabetes, and Hypogonadism are some contributors to lower levels of testosterone, leading to osteoporosis.
5. You have a sedentary lifestyle and have started to notice frequent cramps and aches
If your lifestyle or work requires you to stay indoors and at your desk for most of the day, you could be losing out on adequate physical exercise, apart from creating a crucial Vitamin D deficiency required for maintaining healthy bones. Lack of movement may also lead to stiffness in your muscles, or frequent aches and cramping in your legs and calf muscles, especially during the night. This means your body is low on blood levels of calcium, magnesium and/or potassium as well.
6. You are above 50, and old injuries are beginning to bother you
You may have had a fall or hurt yourself in the past and got away without a serious fracture. However, as you age and lose bone density, these may develop into future ‘fragility’ fractures where even a minor fall or bodily impact could lead to immediate swelling and pain in a certain area. The most likely fractures suffered by patients of osteoporosis happen to be the wrist, hip or spinal vertebrae. These could be life-changing and yet, easily preventable.